When cataracts begin to interfere with your work or lifestyle, it is time to remove them. Surgery is the only effective way to remove the cataract. (Contrary to widespread belief, a laser cannot remove a cataract.) During surgery, an incision is made in the eye which allows an instrument to reach into the pupil and remove the foggy lens. Once the cataract is removed, the patient needs a substitute lens to focus the eye. Vision is restored by an intraocular lens (IOL) implanted during surgery.
An ophthalmologist is the medical doctor (MD or osteopath) who is educated and trained to provide total eye care, including diagnosis and treatment of cataracts. Total eye care includes medical eye examinations prescribing corrective lenses, diagnosing eye diseases and disorders, and performing the appropriate medical and surgical procedures necessary for their treatment.